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Solid Concrete Walls

Safe Work Practices

By Ethan Davis

The following is an abbreviated list of safe work practices, which should be strictly adhered to in the residential concrete construction industry:

1. GENERAL:

  • Smoking in designated areas only

  • No horseplay

  • Do not remove safety devices or guards

  • Use personal protective equipment

2. HOUSEKEEPING:

  • Good housekeeping is everybody’s responsibility.

3. LOCKOUT/TAGOUT:

  • General standards apply to all SCW INC. LLC employees / subcontractors

4. ELECTRICAL:

  • Maintain wiring and equipment in accordance with Electrical Code

  • GFI’s to be used

  • Open wires in panels shall be guarded

  • Junction boxes, outlet switches and fittings must be covered

5. HAND AND PORTABLE POWER TOOLS:

  • Tools to be inspected daily

  • Guards should always be in place on power tows. tools

  • Proper protective equipment must be used

  • Electric power operated tools must be double insulated or grounded

6. MATERIAL HANDLING:

  • Aisles to be kept clear

  • Only material need for immediate operations to be stored on scaffolds

  • Poles, pipes, conduit and duct work shall b3e stacked and blocked to

  • Prevent spreading or tilting.

  • Do not lift awkward or heavy materials by yourself.

  • Use correct lifting techniques – avoid twisting

7. CRANES, HOISTS, ELEVATORS:

  • Hand signals to be as prescribed by ANSI standards

  • All equipment to be inspected prior to use

  • Know the minimum clearances for powers lines

8. LADDERS:

  • Use proper type and correct height for job

  • Inspect regularly for defects

  • The two highest steps must not be climbed on

  • A straight ladder should extend 3’ above the working level

  • Do not overreach

  • Always face the ladder and use both hands ascending or descending the ladder

9. SCAFFOLDING:

  • Scaffolds should be erected according to design

  • Scaffold base must be set on adequate sil? or pad to prevent slipping

  • All scaffolds over 6’ must have toeboards, guardrails and midrails

  • Planking shall have a 12” overlap0 and extend 6” at both ends

  • All scaffolds 4’ or higher shall have guardrails.

10. WELDING:

  • To be done 30’ away from combustibles

  • Use personal protective equipment, i.e. welding hoods

  • A fire extinguisher must be located at the welding site

11. EXCAVATIONS AND TRENCHES:

  • Prior to excavation check for utility lines etc.

  • Walls of trenches to be guarded by a shoring system or sloping of ground

  • Excavated material must be 2’ or more from edge of excavation

  • All wells, pits, trenches etc. shall be barricaded or covered.

12. GRINDING WHEELS:

  • Work rest to be no more than 1/8 inch from wheel

  • Eye protection must be worn.

  • Tongue guard to be no more than ¼ inch from wheel

  • Side guards must cover spindle, nut, flange and 75% of wheel diameter

13. FLOOR AND WALL OPENINGS AND STAIRWAYS:

  • Floor openings to be guarded by standard railing and toeboards or cover.

  • Wall openings with a drop of more than 4’ shall be guarded with standard

  • Or intermediate rail

  • Every flight of stairs having 4 or more risers shall be equipped with standard

  • Handrails.

14. CONFINED SPACE ENTRY:

  • A Confined Space Entry Permit must be used before entering a permit

  • Confined space

  • An individual must be stationed outside permit area

  • Proper ventilation and equipment must be in place when welding or cutting in a confined space

  • Only employees trained in Confined Space Entry are permitted in the confined area

15. AIR HOSES:

  • Never use compressed air for personal cleaning

  • Never aim at fellow employee

  • Store correctly after use